Next update is July 21, 2020

Released June 18: Milk production in the 24 major States during May totaled 18 billion pounds, down 1% from May 2019. The April revised production, at 17.8 billion pounds, was up 1.3% from April 2019. The April revision represented a decrease of 47 million pounds or 0.3% from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Production per cow in the 24 major States averaged 2,031 pounds for May; 32 pounds below May 2019.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 24 major States was 8.84 million head, 50,000 head more than May 2019, and 12,000 head less than April 2020.

Change in 24 Selected States when comparing May's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona up 1.4%; California down 1.5%
Colorado up 4.6%; Florida no change
Georgia down 1.9%; Idaho up 4.8%
Illinois down 1.9%; Indiana down 1.7%
Iowa down 2%; Kansas up 2.4%
Michigan down 0.4%; Minnesota down 1.9%
New Mexico down 7.2%; New York down 3.7%
Ohio up 0.4%; Oregon no change
Pennsylvania down 3%; South Dakota up 9.7%
Texas up 1.9%; Utah down 3%
Vermont down 6.4%; Virginia no change
Washington down 0.5%; Wisconsin down 3.1%

2019 Annual Milk Production up 0.4 Percent from 2018

The annual production of milk for the United States during 2019 was 218 billion pounds, 0.4 percent above 2018. Revisions to 2018 production decreased the annual total 7 million pounds. Revised 2019 production was up 60 million pounds from last month's publication. Annual total milk production has increased 13.0 percent from 2010.

Production per cow in the United States averaged 23,391 pounds for 2019, 241 pounds above 2018. The average annual rate of milk production per cow has increased 10.6 percent from 2010.

The average number of milk cows on farms in the United States during 2019 was 9.34 million head, down 0.7 percent from 2018. The average number of milk cows was revised up 4,000 head for 2019. The average annual number of milk cows has increased 2.3 percent from 2010.


Milk production data for 24 selected states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 24 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.