Next update is April 21, 2020

Released March 19: Milk production in the 24 major States during February totaled 17.0 billion pounds, up 5.6% from February 2019. However, adjusting for the additional day due to leap year causes February milk production to be up 2% on a per day basis. The January revised production, at 18 billion pounds, was up 1.5% from January 2019. The January revision represented an increase of 38 million pounds or 0.2% from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Production per cow in the 24 major States averaged 1,927 pounds for February, 94 pounds above February 2019. When production is adjusted for the additional day due to leap year, February production is 27 pounds above February 2019 on a per day basis.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 24 major States was 8.84 million head, 39,000 head more than February 2019, and 8,000 head more than January 2020.

Change in 24 Selected States when comparing February's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona down 2.8%; California up 6.3%
Colorado up 11.3%; Florida up 5.1%
Georgia up 4.1%; Idaho up 9.3%
Illinois up 0.7%; Indiana up 2.8%
Iowa up 1.4%; Kansas up 9.2%
Michigan up 4.7%; Minnesota up 3.8%
New Mexico up 6.3%; New York up 5.5%
Ohio up 6.0%; Oregon up 5.6%
Pennsylvania up 3.7%; South Dakota up 8.4%
Texas up 10.8%; Utah unchanged
Vermont up 1.9%; Virginia up 5.0%
Washington up 7.7%; Wisconsin up 2.7%

2019 Annual Milk Production up 0.4 Percent from 2018

The annual production of milk for the United States during 2019 was 218 billion pounds, 0.4 percent above 2018. Revisions to 2018 production decreased the annual total 7 million pounds. Revised 2019 production was up 60 million pounds from last month's publication. Annual total milk production has increased 13.0 percent from 2010.

Production per cow in the United States averaged 23,391 pounds for 2019, 241 pounds above 2018. The average annual rate of milk production per cow has increased 10.6 percent from 2010.

The average number of milk cows on farms in the United States during 2019 was 9.34 million head, down 0.7 percent from 2018. The average number of milk cows was revised up 4,000 head for 2019. The average annual number of milk cows has increased 2.3 percent from 2010.


Milk production data for 24 selected states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 24 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.