October 2018 Monthly Milk Production

Released November 19: October 2018 milk production in the 23 states for which USDA reports monthly was 16.9 billion pounds, up 1.0 percent from October 2017. September revised production, at 16.4 billion pounds, was up 1.5 percent from September 2017.

Change in 23 selected states when comparing October's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona down 0.8 percent; California up 3.2 percent
Colorado up 10.1 percent; Florida down 5.5 percent
Idaho up 2.1 percent; Illinois down 4.5 percent
Indiana down 4.8 percent; Iowa down 1.1 percent
Kansas up 6.1 percent; Michigan down 1.0 percent
Minnesota down 0.5 percent; New Mexico up 0.2 percent
New York up 1.0 percent; Ohio down 4.1 percent
Oregon unchanged; Pennsylvania down 3.8 percent
South Dakota up 4.1 percent; Texas up 7.5 percent
Utah up 3.7 percent; Vermont down 1.8 percent
Virginia down 10.6 percent; Washington up 2.6 percent
Wisconsin down 0.3 percent

Production per cow in the 23 major states averaged 1,934 pounds for October; 20 pounds above October 2017.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major states was 8.72 million head. This is 8,000 head less than October 2017 and 1,000 head less than September 2018.

The annual production of milk for the U.S. during 2017 was 215 billion pounds, 1.4 percent above 2016. Revisions to 2016 production decreased the annual total 31 million pounds. Revised 2017 production was up 35 million pounds from January 2018's publication. Production per cow averaged 22,941 pounds for 2017, 163 pounds above 2016. The average number of milk cows during 2017 on United States farms was 9.39 million head, up 0.7 percent from 2016.

Milk production data for 23 states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 23 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.