February 2019 Milk Production
Next update is April 22

Released March 19: Milk production in the 23 major States during February totaled 16 billion pounds, up 0.6 percent from February 2018. January revised production, at 17.5 billion pounds, was up 1.3 percent from January 2018. The January revision represented a decrease of 7 million pounds or less than 0.1 percent from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,838 pounds for February, 21 pounds above February 2018. This is the highest production per cow for the month of February since the 23 State series began in 2003.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.72 million head, 47,000 head less than February 2018, but unchanged from January 2019.

Change in 23 selected states when comparing February's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona down 3.4 percent; California up 0.1 percent
Colorado up 8.3 percent; Florida down 6.2 percent
Idaho up 2.1 percent; Illinois down 7.1 percent
Indiana down 2.1 percent; Iowa up 0.5 percent
Kansas up 2.1 percent; Michigan up 1.0 percent
Minnesota up 1.6 percent; New Mexico down 3.9 percent
New York up 2.8 percent; Ohio down 3.9 percent
Oregon up 7.3 percent; Pennsylvania down 6.0 percent
South Dakota up 6.4 percent; Texas up 7.7 percent
Utah up 1.1 percent; Vermont up 1.0 percent
Virginia down 11.7 percent; Washington unchanged
Wisconsin up 1.5 percent

2018 Annual Milk Production up 1.0 Percent from 2017

The annual production of milk for the United States during 2018 was 218 billion pounds, 1.0 percent above 2017. Revisions to 2017 production increased the annual total 61 million pounds. Revised 2018 production was up 99 million pounds from last month's publication. Annual total milk production has increased 15.0 percent from 2009.

Production per cow in the United States averaged 23,149 pounds for 2018, 235 pounds above 2017. The average annual rate of milk production per cow has increased 12.6 percent from 2009.

The average number of milk cows on farms in the United States during 2018 was 9.40 million head, down 0.1 percent from 2017. The average number of milk cows was revised up 14,000 head for 2018. The average annual number of milk cows has increased 2.1 percent from 2009.


Milk production data for 23 states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 23 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.
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