March Milk Production

Released April 20: March 2018 milk production in the 23 states for which USDA reports monthly was 17.8 billion pounds, up 1.5 percent from March 2017. February revised production at 15.9 billion pounds was up 1.8 percent from February 2017.


Change in 23 selected states when comparing March's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona up 2.8 percent; California up 2.7 percent
Colorado up 7.4 percent; Florida down 2.5 percent
Idaho up 4.0 percent; Illinois up 0.6 percent
Indiana up 2.2 percent; Iowa up 1.8 percent
Kansas up 1.0 percent; Michigan up 0.8 percent
Minnesota down 1.1 percent; New Mexico up 1.9 percent
New York down 1.2 percent; Ohio down 0.6 percent
Oregon down 1.8 percent; Pennsylvania down 0.3 percent
South Dakota
up 0.9 percent; Texas up 4.8 percent
Utah up 5.5 percent; Vermont down 1.7 percent
Virginia down 3.2 percent; Washington up 3.3 percent
Wisconsin unchanged

Production per cow in the 23 major states averaged 2,038 pounds for March, 22 pounds above March 2017.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major states was 8.74 million head. This is 29,000 head more than March 2017 and 2,000 head less than February 2018.

The annual production of milk for the U.S. during 2017 was 215 billion pounds, 1.4 percent above 2016. Revisions to 2016 production decreased the annual total 31 million pounds. Revised 2017 production was up 35 million pounds from January 2018's publication. Production per cow averaged 22,941 pounds for 2017, 163 pounds above 2016. The average number of milk cows during 2017 on United States farms was 9.39 million head, up 0.7 percent from 2016.

Milk production data for 23 states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 23 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.