Next update is October 21

Special Note: NASS added Georgia to the monthly estimating program in June 2019.

Released September 18: Milk production in the 24 major States during August totaled 17.4 billion pounds, up 0.4 percent from August 2018. July revised production, at 17.5 billion pounds, was up 0.4 percent from July 2018. The July revision represented an increase of 38 million pounds or 0.2 percent from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Production per cow in the 24 major States averaged 1,986 pounds for August, 18 pounds above August 2018.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 24 major States was 8.78 million head, 48,000 head less than August 2018, and 1,000 head less than July 2019.

Change in 24 Selected States when comparing August's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona down 6.1 percent; California up 1.5 percent
Colorado up 4.6 percent; Florida unchanged
Georgia unchanged; Idaho up 2.9 percent; Illinois down 7.9 percent
Indiana down 4.0 percent; Iowa down 0.9 percent
Kansas up 1.9 percent; Michigan up 1.6 percent
Minnesota up 0.5 percent; New Mexico down 1.6 percent
New York up 1.1 percent; Ohio down 0.9 percent
Oregon up 2.8 percent; Pennsylvania down 6.0 percent
South Dakota up 2.6 percent; Texas up 4.6 percent
Utah down 3.5 percent; Vermont unchanged
Virginia down 11.4 percent; Washington up 1.9 percent
Wisconsin down 0.5 percent

2018 Annual Milk Production up 1.0 Percent from 2017

The annual production of milk for the United States during 2018 was 218 billion pounds, 1.0 percent above 2017. Revisions to 2017 production increased the annual total 61 million pounds. Revised 2018 production was up 99 million pounds from last month's publication. Annual total milk production has increased 15.0 percent from 2009.

Production per cow in the United States averaged 23,149 pounds for 2018, 235 pounds above 2017. The average annual rate of milk production per cow has increased 12.6 percent from 2009.

The average number of milk cows on farms in the United States during 2018 was 9.40 million head, down 0.1 percent from 2017. The average number of milk cows was revised up 14,000 head for 2018. The average annual number of milk cows has increased 2.1 percent from 2009.


Milk production data for 24 selected states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 24 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.