Next update is December 17, 2020

Released November 18: Milk production in the 24 major States during October totaled 17.7 billion pounds, up 2.5% from October 2019. The September revised production, at 17.2 billion pounds, was up 2.4% from September 2019. The September revision represented a decrease of 5 million pounds or less than 0.1% from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Production per cow in the 24 major States averaged 1,997 pounds for October; 35 pounds above October 2019.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 24 major States was 8.88 million head, 62,000 head more than October 2019, and 17,000 head more than September 2020.

Change in 24 Selected States when comparing October's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona down 1.5%; California up 1.2%
Colorado up 6.6%; Florida down 1.7%
Georgia down 0.7%; Idaho up 2.7%
Illinois up 8.0%; Indiana up 10.7%
Iowa up 3.2%; Kansas up 3.7%
Michigan up 3.0%; Minnesota up 2.5%
New Mexico up 1.9%; New York up 1.0%
Ohio up 5.1%; Oregon down 2.3%
Pennsylvania up 2.5%; South Dakota up 12.9%
Texas up 8.2%; Utah down 3.7%
Vermont down 5.4%; Virginia up 2.5%
Washington down 0.5%; Wisconsin up 1.7%

2019 Annual Milk Production up 0.4 Percent from 2018

The annual production of milk for the United States during 2019 was 218 billion pounds, 0.4 percent above 2018. Revisions to 2018 production decreased the annual total 7 million pounds. Revised 2019 production was up 60 million pounds from last month's publication. Annual total milk production has increased 13.0 percent from 2010.

Production per cow in the United States averaged 23,391 pounds for 2019, 241 pounds above 2018. The average annual rate of milk production per cow has increased 10.6 percent from 2010.

The average number of milk cows on farms in the United States during 2019 was 9.34 million head, down 0.7 percent from 2018. The average number of milk cows was revised up 4,000 head for 2019. The average annual number of milk cows has increased 2.3 percent from 2010.


Milk production data for 24 selected states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 24 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.