monthly milk


Next update is March 18, 2021

Released February 23: Milk production in the 24 major States during January totaled 18.3 billion pounds, up 1.8 percent from January 2020. December revised production, at 18.0 billion pounds, was up 2.6 percent from December 2019. The December revision represented a decrease of 74 million pounds or 0.4 percent from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Production per cow in the 24 major States averaged 2,049 pounds for January, 15 pounds above January 2020.

The number of milk cows on farms in the 24 major States was 8.93 million head, 92,000 head more than January 2020, and 6,000 head more than December 2020.

Change in 24 Selected States when comparing December's milk production with a year ago:
Arizona up 0.7%; California up 3.2%
Colorado up 6.3%; Florida down 5.0%
Georgia down 0.7%; Idaho up 1.2%
Illinois up 4.7%; Indiana up 9.8%
Iowa up 4.3%; Kansas up 5.1%
Michigan up 4.9%; Minnesota up 4.7%
New Mexico up 3.7%; New York up 2.2%
Ohio up 5.3%; Oregon down 0.5%
Pennsylvania up 1.5%; South Dakota up 11.9%
Texas up 7.5%; Utah down 0.5%
Vermont down 3.1%; Virginia up 1.6%
Washington down 0.9%; Wisconsin up 2.6%

2020 Annual Milk Production up 2.2 Percent from 2019

The annual production of milk for the United States during 2020 was 223 billion pounds, 2.2 percent above 2019. Revisions to 2019 production increased the annual total 59 million pounds. Revised 2020 production was up 165 million pounds from last month's publication. Annual total milk production has increased 13.7 percent from 2011.

Production per cow in the United States averaged 23,777 pounds for 2020, 382 pounds above 2019. The average annual rate of milk production per cow has increased 11.5 percent from 2011.

The average number of milk cows on farms in the United States during 2020 was 9.39 million head, up 0.5 percent from 2019. The average number of milk cows was revised up 6,000 head for 2020. The average annual number of milk cows has increased 2.1 percent from 2011


Milk production data for 24 selected states from USDA is released around the 18th of the month following the month for which the information applies. At the same time the current production figures are released, updated data for the previous month's milk production is released. This graph reflects the updated information.

The 24 states for which the USDA reports milk production are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.