Read your food labels.
That was the message a Chicago federal judge sent to consumers when he dismissed a slew of class-action lawsuits against Kraft Heinz, Target, Walmart, and other defendants earlier this month.
The lawsuits formulated last year over the labeling of Parmesan cheese and the fact it contained a cellulose filler material made from wood chips despite being marketed as “100% Grated Parmesan Cheese.” This information surfaced after a Bloomberg News story revealed levels of cellulose in popular brands.
Cellulose is a safe food additive used to prevent caking, and the Bloomberg article pointed out that cellulose is acceptable at levels up to 4 percent. Kraft’s Parmesan contained 3.8 percent cellulose, but Jewel-Osco’s Essential Everyday 100% Grated Parmesan Cheese was tested to be 8.8 percent cellulose. Meanwhile, Great Value 100% Grated Parmesan Cheese from Wal-Mart Stores Inc. registered at 7.8 percent.
According to the Chicago Tribune, though, U.S. District Judge Gary Feinerman said the claims were “doomed by the readily accessible ingredient panels on the products that disclose the presence of noncheese ingredients.” The label on all the products clearly listed cellulose as an ingredient.
He added that consumers should know grated cheese must contain some additives, considering it does not require refrigeration before opening like other dairy products would. Also, Feinerman pointed out that the 100% on the label could mean 100% of the cheese is Parmesan, or that it’s 100% grated.
(c) Hoard's Dairyman Intel 2017